Gardeners in zone 6b can plant either sweet or tart cherry trees. Privacy policy. The leaves release the distinctive cherry-like aroma of cyanide when crushed. The buds are small (1/5 inch) and can be either glabrous (smooth) or hairy. The branches of the wild cherry tree are slender and long; low branches may droop and touch the ground, but most of the canopy does not droop. Black Cherry produces masses of white flowers in spring. The showy white flowers appear as pendulous clusters in early spring followed by dark, pea-sized fruits in late summer. The foliage warms up to bright golden-yellow and red in the fall. escarpment cherry (var. The specific epithet serotina means "late" - it flowers later that other native cherries. At this stage, the Sweet Birch (Betula lenta) has similar bark. Wild cherry flowers appear in dense clusters at the ends of the slender branches of the trees. The leaves of the wild cherry tree are approximately 6" long by 2" inches wide, have an ovate shape, and are oriented alternatively along the branches of the tree. Black cherry leaves are 2 to 6 inches long and 3/4 to 1 1/2 inch wide. Black Cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh..) Black cherry, often called wild cherry, grows in all parts of the state but it grows best in the high mountains. The edges of the leaf are slightly ridged, and the foliage an emerald green in color. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. They are commonly used for flavoring rum and jellies, and are harmless to humans. USDA PLANTS Symbol PRSE2. The tree was introduced to Europe as early as the 17th century, for use in English country gardens, and became highly invasive in contental Europe as well. “Prunus serotina: Black Cherry.” University of Florida IFAS Extension. ITIS Taxonomic Serial Number 24764. Black cherry is a large, native tree found in the Midwest and throughout the eastern United States. Black Cherry leaves are sometimes more elongate, approaching those of Pin Cherry (Prunus pensylvanica), which is found at relatively high elevations in the mountains. alabamensis) - from eastern Georgia west to northeastern Alabama, and south to northwestern Florida. Outlying populations grow in central Texas; in the mountains of western Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona; and south in Mexico to Guatemala. The bark, roots, and leaves of Prunus serotina contain cyanogenic compounds that can be toxic to wildlife and lend the bark a bitter almond aroma. North Carolina fits in zones 6b to 8. The leaves of Prunus serotina turn to yellow and rose in the fall, with the decline in temperatures. The veins of the leaves are pinnate and curve horizontally outward to the edge of the leaf from the midrib (the central vein, vertically of the leaf). Home > Resources > North Carolina Trees > Black Cherry. Black cherry, rum cherry, wild black cherry. The species has succeeded as an invasive species in England and continental Europe — far outside its natural range, in Southeastern Canada and the the Eastern States. Black Cherry is a deciduous tree that may grow 60 to 80 feet tall and is found in all parts of NC but grows best in the mountains. The blooming season for wild cherry flowers range from 2-3 weeks, from late spring to early summer. There are additional disjunct populations to the South, in Mexico and Guatemala. After blooming, each flower is replaced by a small, round, fleshy drupe that is green at immaturity, but darkens to dark red, and eventually purple-black when ripe. NC State Fact Sheet The twigs of Prunus serotina are reddish-brown in color and thin, with terminal end buds that have glossy reddish and greenish scales. It does not grow well on sites that are swampy or dry. exima) - found in the Edwards Plateau region of central Texas. Black Cherry produces masses of white flowers in spring. Eastern Black Cherry a native deciduous tree that is the eastern variety of P. serotina found in open forested areas, rich coves, dry to mesic habitats of lower elevation, woodland edges, savanahs and areas with adequate sunlight. “Black Cherry.” PLANTS Database, National Resources Conservation Service. Its pendulous branches are clothed in oblong, finely serrated, glossy green leaves, 5 in. In English, the tree has known many different names: Wild cherry, black cherry, mountain black cherry, and rum cherry. Trees of Alabama and the Southeast The wood is rich and reddish-brown, highly valued for use as hardwood in North America. southwestern black cherry (var. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. • Individual leaf. The tree has alternate leaves with a finely toothed margin, inconspicuous glands on the stem, and yellow-brown pubescence on the underside of the leaf. Virginia Tech Dendrology, Recommended Tree, Shrub, and Woody Vine Identification Guides. Images • Branchlet with leaves. (Black cherry), generated from a DELTA database. Read on to learn more about cherry tree problems and the best methods of treating diseases of cherry trees. This highly toxic substance acts as a defense mechanism against herbivores. Family Rosaceae. The bark is smooth when young, with horizontally elongated lenticels. long (12 cm), with pointed tips. The flowers are followed by clusters of dark cherries, which ripen in the late summer. Common Trees of the North Carolina Piedmont Stephen M. Seiberling, Alan S. Weakley, and Peter S. White. This plant grows best in natural areas and is a common host for the Tent Caterpillar. Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina, Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Rosales>Rosaceae>Prunus serotina Ehrhart var. The wood is rich and reddish-brown, highly valued for use as hardwood in North America. Prunus serotina (Black Cherry) is a large deciduous tree of pyramidal to conical habit in youth, becoming oval-headed with spreading, arching branches with age. The ideal conditions for Black Cherry growth vary by regional populations, but all varieties are fast-growing pioneers that prefer well-drained soils. Prunus serotina Ehrh. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); All photographs and text ©2013 by Will Cook unless otherwise noted. This tree is mature, as noted by the bark's reddish brown, rough, and lightly upturned plates. The cherries reach maturity in early fall. Find your USDA hardiness zone using the state map from Grow It (see Resources). The bark breaks into upturned plates when older. When wilted, the leaves can be poisonous. 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