Chlorine gas reacts with moisture in the respiratory system to create hypochlorous and hydrochloric acids on tissues, along with oxidants and enzymes that break down proteins. (Vassilev, 2009) Sodium hypochlorite can also make darker colours lighter. Bleach breaks down these compounds through oxidation, a chemical reaction that involves taking away electrons from neighboring molecules. Solutions of NaOCl and NaDCC containing the same levels of available chlorine (av.Cl) exhibited very similar bactericidal activities, despite significant differences in pH. It's an eye and skin irritant, which is why swimming pool water can make your eyes burn. Summary – Sodium Hypochlorite vs Hypochlorous Acid. If additional technical information or specific recommendations regarding soda bleach solutions are desired, the Technical Service Group of Occidental Chemical Corporation will be pleased to provide assistance. Properties of Elemental Chlorine Heavier than air, chlorine is a pure chemical element, a greenish-yellow gas that readily combines with most other elements. Bleaches work by altering chemical compounds, either adding oxygen by the process called oxidation, or by removing oxygen by the process called reduction. It is also used as an oxidizing agent for organic products. Some of these reducing bleaches serve to remove oxides such as rust, which is iron oxide. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Hypochlorous Acid (HOCl): What’s That Smell? “Sodium Hydroxide: Uses, Benefits, and Chemical Safety Facts.” ChemicalSafetyFacts.org, May 8, 2020. https://www.chemicalsafetyfacts.org/sodium-hydroxide/. In the petrochemical industry, sodium hypochlorite is used in petroleum products refining. It is toxic in small concentrations, especially with longer exposure times. PettoGard Wound and Disinfectant Spray for Dogs, PettoGard Wound and Disinfectant Spray for Cats, is not safe to be inhaled, applied to the skin or consumed by humans, Produced through a chemical reaction between chlorine and sodium hydroxide, http://www.madehow.com/Volume-2/Bleach.html, https://www.chemicalsafetyfacts.org/sodium-hydroxide/, Produced through the electrolysis of salt water, Nausea, irritation to skin, eyes, or throat, Safe if ingested in small amounts, safe for kids, Use in a well ventilated area, keep away from children. Sodium hypochlorite, the active ingredient in chlorine bleach, is routinely used in the laboratory to decontaminate surfaces and equipment or deactivate biological materials by inactivating vegetative bacteria, fungi, lipid and non-lipid viruses, and other liquid specimens. A level of 12 … Objective: The objective is to review critically the epidemiology, mechanisms of toxicity, clinical features, diagnosis, and management of hypochlorite poisoning. Reducers include sodium and zinc dithionite, sulfites, and sodium borohydride. A level of 12 … (If you ever accidentally mix ammonia and bleach, leave the room immediately and call 911 or at least poison control.) Both chlorine (in any form) and bleach dissolve in water to release a hypochlorite ion. In contrast, sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is the main ingredient in bleach that is formed from chlorine (Cl) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH).

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