806 8067 22 Strengths And Weaknesses: Teleological Argument. Despite the theory's apparent nearsightedness, however, the moral value of duty is its ability to lead a loyal and cohesive following to the desired ends. Looking at the big picture is one of the strengths of teleological ethical theory. The teleological theory known as natural law combines a conception of good with rules and the value of duty. October 30, 2012. The design argument uses analogies which are familiar to everyone, to make it both simple and persausive; It is argued that the amount of chance/good luck that would be required to put together a universe without a designer is so great that it couldn't have happened The chances that it was all by chance are so slim but even although the universe seems designed it hasn't been perfectly designed as there are things such a natural disasters. The presence of natural disasters suggest that the design of the universe is not as perfect as God would have made it. Wisdom and honesty are emphasised and human life is viewed as too precious to take for granted. A teleological approach to ethics is based on the concept of seeking a “telos” in ethical decision-making. Even if we believe that God is the great designer of the universe how do we know that God is still with us? Proactivity is a powerful deterrent to unnecessary hardship. Deontology, another seemingly "off colour" teleological theory, considers duty as the basis of moral value. », OCR GCSE Philosophy B601/B602 - Your predictions? This is beneficial because several predicted solutions can be compared to determine the best solution for the greatest number of people. Virtue ethics. Advantages And Disadvantages Of Teleological Ethics. by admin2015. Natural law refers to what reason and rationality dictate, thereby binding the subject to the natural world and holding that good actions are those that fulfil the subject's natural purpose. If actions are seen as a way to achieve the greatest good for the greatest number of people, then moral value can be best achieved through cooperation, collaboration and empathy. This suggest that maybe it wasn't designed by 'God' as he would have created a perfect design with no natural disasters. Teleology is sometimes mistaken for consequentialism, i.e., a theory that derives moral value by determining which action has the most desirable outcome. Utilitarianism (which is a form of consequentialism) specifically concerns itself with predicting the consequences of an action. Deontology, another seemingly "off colour" teleological theory, considers duty as the basis of moral value. There is not, however, a general consensus on what human flourishing is … © Copyright Get Revising 2020 all rights reserved. I've see better, this version is not proper and inaccurate. John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham were classical thinkers who argued that greater emphasis should be placed on the collective than on the individual. Here, compromise is essential, perhaps linked to the value of looking at the big picture. Teleology is less about gambling with potential outcomes and more about carefully considering the options at hand. Read Free Advantages And Disadvantages Of Teleological Ethics Advantages And Disadvantages Of Teleological Ethics When people should go to the ebook stores, search foundation by shop, shelf by shelf, it is really problematic. », Unofficial Mark-scheme- Religious Studies Philosophy OCR GCSE 2016 », OCR Philosophy GCSE paper 3 and paper 4 11th June 2014 », What are the best philosophical arguments for God's existence? Teleology is less about gambling with potential outcomes and more about carefully considering the options at hand. It could not have all came about by chance. Teleological ethics is best summed up by the old adage, "The ends justify the means." Just because the universe looks designed, doesn't mean that it is designed. Registered office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE, Religious, Moral and Philosophical Studies. Advantages. Get Revising is one of the trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. Human beings appreciate aesthetic activities such as music and art which are not necessary for mere survival so could not have arisen from natural selection, Even minor changes to the law of physics would result in a universe that did not even contain matter, All life is so similar that it must have a common creator, David Hume is a leading critic of the design argument. He pointed out that alongside the beauty,design and order of the universe there was ugliness,suffering and evil, The universe is a living organism which changes and develops rather than a machine (a watch), Hume said that when there is a huge number of possibilities, only those which actually work will survive. Teleology, in its most general form, is concerned with both the "ends" and the "means," i.e., that what you do along the path to an outcome is just as important as the outcome itself. Teleology is sometimes mistaken for consequentialism, i.e., a theory that derives moral value by determining which action has the most desirable outcome. Following this trend, teleology is always accountable to the group as a whole. In other words, God exists because He is the designated designer of the universe. It largely disregards the potential consequences of one's actions because duty is required no matter what the outcome. 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