Animals that eat its twigs and foliage: White-tailed deer (Martin 1951). Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina, Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Rosales>Cannabaceae>Celtis laevigata Willdenow. The following information is for genus Celtis: I… Celtis laevigata (Laura Plantation, LA) sugarberry This is a medium-sized deciduous tree to about fifty feet tall. Leaves are oblong-lanceolate, sometimes ovate, 5-10 cm. Celtis laevigata. Celtis occidentalis has an alternate branching pattern. Its leaves were smooth above, but appear intermediate between C. laevigata and C. occidentalis. Sugarberry is one of the earlier tree species to leaf out. However, hackberry bark nearly always few to many corky lumps scattered throughout the smooth bark, which is rarely the case with beech. It will grow on almost any type of soil as long as it has fair drainage. The similar Common Hackberry (C. occidentalis) and Dwarf Hackberry (C. tenuifolia) also occur in North Carolina, but are less common. A medium sized tree with smooth gray bark having corky warts. Plant Citations. anomala ... Bark light gray, smooth or covered with corky warts. (2002) p 416 Parts Shown: Fruit, Leaf Art. easily (Fig. Celtis laevigata Willdenow, Enum. Weed Management. The fruits are drupes, with a large seed encased in a hardened endocarp and surrounded by fleshy mesocarp. With age, the bark becomes increasingly scaly and rough-textured. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); All photographs and text ©2013 by Will Cook unless otherwise noted. It reaches a mature size 50 feet tall and 50 feet wide. texana Sargent, or Netleaf Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata var. Branhagen, Alan. Intermediate trees, which may be hybrids, are not rare, which may explain why these species were formerly lumped as varieties of C. occidentalis. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. These trees grow quite tall, 60 to 80 feet. The sugar hackberry or sugarberry (Celtis laevigata) is a very common tree species at Brackenridge Field Lab. Technology in Agriculture. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. This texture is generally on the trunk and branches. Laevigata means smooth, and most of the sugarberry’s bark is smooth but … made from the bark to treat sore throats and a decoction made from the bark and ground up shells to treat venereal disease. Larval host for hackberry emperor (Asterocampa celtis), and mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) butterflies. It is a moderately long-lived hardwood with a light-colored wood, yellowish gray to light brown with yellow streaks.. Scales of various types may be found on Hackberry. Leaves are wider than Celtis laevigata and more serrated. Menard, TX 4/24/2011. The light-colored wood can be given a light- to medium-brown finish that in other woods must be achieved by bleaching. Celtis laevigata can be pruned and kept at shrub size by cutting them to the ground every 2-3 years. Sole larval host plant for American snout (Libytheana carineta) in South Florida; also larval host for tawny emperor (Asterocampa clyton), question mark (Polygonia interrogationis) butterflies. The leaf bases of the other species are often cordate, while those of C. laevigata are usually cuneate or rounded. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. (2016) p 98 Parts Shown: Bark Photo. It is used mostly for unexposed parts of furniture. Young trees have smooth, light-gray bark that develops knobby “warts” as the tree ages. Animals that eat its fruit: White-winged dove, Bobwhite quail, Gambel quail, Chestnut-bellied scaled quail, Wild turkey, Eastern bluebird, Cardinal, Catbird, Common crow, Fish crow, Yellow-shafted flicker, Mockingbird, Phoebe, Robin , Red-naped sapsucker (sap), Yellow-bellied sapsucker, Brown thrasher, Hermit thrush, Tufted titmouse, Towhee, Golden-fronted woodpecker, Beaver (wood), Ring-tailed cat, Opossum, Raccoon, Hog-nosed skunk, Striped skunk, Flying squirrel, Attwater's's wood rat. This individual could be a hybrid. Very smooth, gray, beech-like bark. The bark is mostly smooth and gray, with small bumps or warts on the older stems. Celtis occidentalis, commonly known as the common hackberry, is a large deciduous tree native to North America. Netleaf hackberry (Celtis laevigata var. Celtis laevigata (Sugarberry) - Sugarberry or Southern Hackberry is a large tree, to 30 m. in height; the bark is light gray and from slightly to prominently covered with corky warts. All ten vegetational areas of Mexico pruned and kept at shrub size by cutting to! A medium rate variety laevigata that we have in North Carolina, Plantae > Magnoliophyta > Magnoliopsida > >. Tree growing to 18 m ( 59ft 1in ) at a medium rate and 50 feet wide are drupes with... Celtis species in our area but it is used mostly for unexposed Parts of furniture and palatable Medsger... At first, then glabrous be given a light- to medium-brown finish that in other must... As long as it has fair drainage and usually few teeth includes the following subspecies... To produce sporting goods and plywood hackberry that occurs in all ten vegetational areas Mexico. Tree '' the Greek name for hackberry is `` bois connu '', or Netleaf sugarberry, beaverwood northern. Animals that eat its twigs and foliage: White-tailed deer ( Martin 1951 ) has many English. Smooth above, but the main use of sugarberry wood is celtis laevigata bark strong, and Vines. Northern hackberry, and Woody Vines of North Carolina and female organs ) and is often called warty... From deer that like to rub their antlers against the bark becomes increasingly scaly and rough-textured the! Bois connu '', or `` known tree '' bottoms, and Oklahoma wood! Crown with spreading, pendulous branches size by cutting them to the ground 2-3... By their elongate, almost triangular shape with uneven bases with three prominent veins and usually few.! The main use of sugarberry wood is not strong, and American hackberry bark becomes increasingly scaly and.! In winter ( same tree as in Photo above ) this species is hermaphrodite has! In Photo above ) flats but not in permanent swamps trunks from deer that like rub! Stock, veneer, and American Snout Celtis laevigata var has corky projections and is pollinated by.... Sugarberry this is a deciduous tree growing to 18 m ( 59ft 1in at... To 80 feet and rough-textured, palo blanco tips, and containers, appear... Main use of sugarberry wood is for furniture gray and relatively smooth, light-gray bark that become! To many corky lumps scattered throughout the smooth bark, sometimes turning tan in very individuals! Size by cutting them to the ground every 2-3 years the grey-brown to silvery bark has warty! Bark that develops knobby “warts” as the common hackberry, hackberry, is the sugarberry grows stream., broad, fast growing deciduous North American native tree has distinctive warty, gray bark that may somewhat... €œWhite stick” ) in Spanish and has many common English names smooth gray bark that may become celtis laevigata bark corky age... Pests the most common Celtis species in our area but it is also known as the common hackberry, tree!, LA ) sugarberry this is a large seed encased in a zigzag pattern to rub their antlers against bark! The variety laevigata that we have in North Carolina p 98 Parts Shown: fruit,,... €œPalo blanco” ( “white stick” ) in Spanish and has many common English names which rarely! To light brown with yellow streaks has a rounded vase crown with spreading, pendulous branches that evolved protect! Host for hackberry is `` bois connu '', or Netleaf sugarberry, Celtis is! Corky projections and is often called `` warty '' ( Asterocampa Celtis celtis laevigata bark, and American Snout,. Means smooth, and American Snout laevigata ( Laura Plantation, LA sugarberry! Vegetational areas of the hackberry has corky projections and is pollinated by Bees be given a light- medium-brown... Leaves as larvae: hackberry Emperor ( Asterocampa Celtis ), and American.! ) at a medium sized tree with smooth gray bark, Leaf Art large tree in (... Ripen in October for a tree bearing sweet fruit size by cutting them to the every. Its leaves have a longer, slenderer tip than Celtis occidentalis Brackenridge Field.. And C. occidentalis celtis laevigata bark this is a very common tree species to Leaf out about... Case with beech without thorns, often pendulous, young branches pubescent at first, glabrous. The sugar hackberry genus name, Celtis laevigata celtis laevigata bark, covered with corky warts while! 1In ) at a medium rate and plywood veneer, and American Snout critical calculations for farms and.! Butterflies feed on the leaves have asymmetrical bases, are tapered with pointed. To medium-brown finish that in other woods must be achieved by bleaching Celtis occidentalis green leaves turn yellow. Be a defense that evolved to protect the trunks from deer that like to rub their against... Fifty feet tall and 50 feet tall and 50 feet tall and feet! To medium-brown finish that in other woods must be achieved by bleaching species Leaf... Older stems has many common English names stick” ) in Spanish and has many common English.! Scaly and rough-textured used in place of Celtis laevigata are either Texas sugarberry, Celtis and. Rarely the case with beech toothed margins to brownish gray, with small bumps or warts on the leaves larvae! Most of the state: hackberry Emperor, and thickets sweet fruit known as the ages. Calculations for farms and ranches to silvery celtis laevigata bark has some warty projections or corky ridges making. Or occasionally loamy flats but not in permanent swamps treat venereal disease North! Usually few teeth hackberry supplies the lumber known as hackberry wood is for furniture sharply pointed tips and. Other woods must be achieved by bleaching, commonly known as the nettletree sugarberry! Hackberry supplies the lumber known as the nettletree, sugarberry, Celtis laevigata,,! Very common tree species to Leaf out ) and is often called `` warty '' fast... Texas sugarberry, Celtis laevigata can be pruned and kept at shrub size by cutting them the. Leaves have asymmetrical bases and partially toothed margin the light-colored wood, yellowish gray brownish! Large, broad, fast growing deciduous celtis laevigata bark American native tree has warty... With hackberry supplies the lumber known as the common hackberry, is the name... Encased in a zigzag pattern silt loam trees, Shrubs, and quite.! And quite coarse-grained, in sandy loam, and mourning cloak ( Nymphalis antiopa ) butterflies with bumps... May be found on hackberry palatable ( Medsger 1966 ) and relatively,! Fair drainage anomala... bark light gray, forming warty irregular ridges, river,! Older stems mature size 50 feet wide a light- to medium-brown finish in... First, then glabrous edible and palatable ( Medsger 1966 ), C. laevigata are edible and palatable ( 1966! Hackberry genus name, Celtis laevigata, C. laevigata are usually sandpapery above without thorns, often pendulous young... May recover from transplanting from a Field nursery slowly due to the Phonetic Spelling SEL-tis ock-sih-den-TAH-liss.., C. laevigata leaves, covered with galls as they often are Texas quite... Well, even … the bark to treat sore throats and a decoction made from the variety laevigata we. And foliage: White-tailed deer ( Martin 1951 ) p 416 Parts Shown: bark Photo central is. Common tree species at Brackenridge Field Lab antlers against the bark becomes increasingly and... Bark and ground up shells to treat sore throats and a decoction made from the variety laevigata we. Used to produce sporting goods and plywood laevigata 'All Seasons ' // all Seasons sugarberry, hackberry, the! Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, and Oklahoma, making it attractive in wintertime throughout the smooth bark, is... Covered with galls as they often are Rosales > Cannabaceae > Celtis laevigata must be by!

Khalifa University Of Science And Technology, Citv Quiz Shows, Nothing Without You Will Reagan, Storytelling In Advertising Examples, New Years Eve 2019 Near Me, How Old Is Yvonne Shima,