Press lightly to remove any air pockets trapped near the roots. Hackberry is a Chicago-area native and a sturdy, tolerant shade tree for streets and parkways, or parks and other large areas. Its fruits are attractive to many birds (especially in the winter), including cedar waxwings, woodpeckers, mockingbirds, and robins. While the hackberry tree prefers to grow on soil that is rich and moist, it can also grow on rocky or gravelly hillsides, too. Hackberry trees are most successful in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3a through 9b. A small to medium-sized tree, netleaf hackberry is slow growing; typically reaching 20 to 30 feet in height and width. Be the first to hear about our latest urban forest news, events, and opportunities! Hackberry trees should be planted in full sun to partial shade. The persistent fruits attract many birds that also find the tree to be a suitable nesting site. Remove the hackberry tree from its nursery container. Hackberry’s mature size varies correspondingly with planting location, commonly growing to 40 to 60 feet (12 to 18 m), with exceptional specimens approaching 100 feet (30 m). Growing container-grown saplings will minimize this issue and result in a healthy, mature tree in just a few years. It needs full sun for the best growing conditions. Choose a bed with moderately fertile, well-draining soil. With their broad foliage crown and fast growth rate, hackberry trees (Celtis occidentalis) provide a quick and reliable source of shade within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 to 9. The uncommon Hackberry Emperor, often found on or around its food sources. The tree is very susceptible to damage in an ice storm. The upper surface of the leaves is rough textured and darker green in colour whereas the lower surface is smoother and paler green in colour. And the tree … Taper the edges of the mound out toward the outer edges of the hole. In ideal conditions, the maximum age attained by the American Hackberry trees is about 150 to 200 years. They prefer a slightly moist, organic soil, but they tolerate clay, compacted soil, alkaline soil and drought. Female flowers give way to round, berry-like drupes containing single seeds. Conversely, some specimens remain smaller than average, and present as a large shrub. A like number of species from Asia grow as ornamental trees in parks and gardens. Move any large stones, sticks or other debris. Planting hackberry. The Backyard Tree Planting Program is supported by the City of Toronto, the Regional Municipality of York, Toronto Hydro, the Town of Newmarket and the Town of Ajax. Crumble off half the soil from the rootball to reveal the roots. It is also known as the nettletree, sugarberry, beaverwood, northern hackberry, and American hackberry. Common hackberry can also survive long periods of drought due to its deep root system. See more ideas about hackberry tree, tree, trees and shrubs. Plant hackberry trees in full sun near the coast and under partial shade inland. If you are looking to plant a hardy urban tree, the hackberry might be the right tree for you! Its b ranches ascend in a loosely pyramidal fashion, and the tree grows to 40 to 60 feet in height. Water once a week to a depth of 6 inches for the first year. Withhold water during rainy weather or if the top 2 inches of soil still feel wet when probed. Firm the soil around the base of the hackberry tree with your foot. Check out our website to set up a consultation with one of our arborists this spring! It is host to at least five different species of butterfly, including the Tawny Emperor, the Snout Butterfly, the Morning Cloak, the Question Mark, and of course, the rare Hackberry Emperor. It will not occur on sites with a permanently high water table, but mature trees can survive periods of excessive flooding. It is also said that the word “hack” comes from the Scottish word “hag” (meaning witch) in reference to the hagberry tree (Prunus padus), which early colonists confused with the hackberry because of the similarities between their small, cherry-like fruits and growth habits. Position the tree inside the planting hole with its roots spread out over the mound and the base of the trunk 1/2 inch above the surrounding soil. Even if your thumb isn't green, you can grow a Hackberry as a very tough, fast-growing shade tree. This tree is moderately drought hardy but will do best on moist but well draining sites. Prune and thin the canopy to prevent the formation of weak, multi-trunk trees. A hardy, urban shade tree, the hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) can easily withstand strong winds, pollution, heat, salt, and tough soils, while still adding visual interest and beauty to a landscape. Today's trends have broadened to include a renewed interest in native trees, edible wildcrafted foods and eco-sensitive landscapes. Hackberry fruits somewhat resemble cherries; the fruits are drupes, with a thin fleshy pulp covering a stone. It tolerates tough sites and excels in urban plantings. Her nearly 20 years of experience in horticulture informs her work, which has appeared in publications such as Mother Earth News. Samantha McMullen began writing professionally in 2001. Plant Western Hackberry trees to add shade and character to landscapes. Preferably in spring and fall or in winter outside of frost. Ash. Reaching an average mature height of about 40 feet and an average mature width of about 25 feet, the hackberry is an excellent medium-sized tree that is often planted to create shade and privacy on residential properties. The roots of Hackberry are fibrous and it is a fast growing tree. Their bark is either silvery gray or light brown. And they provide good shade. 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