4. 17As it is written, “I have made you a father of many nations.”This is in the presence of him whom he believed: God, who gives life to the dead, and calls the things that are not, as though they were. (ed. Romans 4 - NIV: What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, discovered in this matter? If you feel bad about your sins and are trying to get them under control so that God will accept you, you have not ceased working. I have heard that men that hate the doctrines of the cross bring it as a charge against God, that He saves wicked men and receives to Himself the vilest of the vile. The passage in Genesis raises the question, “What did Abraham believe and why did God credit it to him for righteousness then?” We know that he had believed God previously, when he left Ur and set out for Canaan (Heb. Paul draws attention to two attributes of God. So also we have no right to demand anything from God based on our achievement, righteousness, or faith. Justification must be seen for what it truly is: It is essential, but it is only the beginning of the salvation process. It was common for letters to begin with the name of the person writing the letter and the Romans 4. No, he owes you the money. It is self-evident that, when there is no law, there can be no transgression of the law. Instead of killing them, however, the terrorists decided to seize their equipment, including the film projec… 5:6). You must be somewhat surprised to read a text like this: “Him that justifieth the ungodly.” I do not wonder that you are surprised; for with all my familiarity with the great grace of God, I never cease to wonder at it. This is summarized in Rom. Why must I see myself as ungodly before I can be justified? But the chaplain shares that if he will believe in Jesus Christ, who died for the ungodly, God will forgive all his sins and credit Christ’s righteousness to his account. “For the promise to Abraham and to his seed that he should be heir of the world wasn’t through the law, but through the righteousness of faith“ (v. 13). “our forefather, has found according to the flesh” (v. 1b). God saves those who come acknowledging their need and trusting “him who justifies the ungodly.”. If we could earn salvation, the cross would be unnecessary. Book of Romans Explained. The Search OF the Savior: Why Jesus Came, Part 1 (Luke 19:1-10), Bible Storying Series - Teaching The Story Of God Chronologically, Bible Teaching Ideas: The Ten Commandments And Ten Fingers. It’s a short step from there to believing that any person who follows Abraham’s example of obeying God will be accepted by God. (Favor is literally grace.) John Calvin thought that it is mentioned here, long after Abraham was first justified, to prove that justification does not just begin by faith, only to be perfected later by works. Romans 4:2 "For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath [whereof] to glory; but not before God." “For if those who are of the law are heirs, faith is made void, and the promise is made of no effect“ (v. 14). Achtemeier, Paul J., Interpretation: Romans, (Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1985), Barth, Karl, The Epistle to the Romans (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1933), Brawley, Robert L., in Van Harn, Roger E. The best news in the world is, God graciously justifies the ungodly sinner who does not work for salvation, but rather believes in Jesus Christ! God justifies us as a gift through faith (3:24). Even a cursory reading of the Old Testament will show that, prior to the giving of the law at Sinai, there was a good deal of sin—and that God held people accountable for those sins. My aim today is that all of you will understand this crucial doctrine that is at the core of the gospel and that you will join Spurgeon in worshipful wonder that God has justified you. 4-5). Paul goes back to the theme of boasting (3:27), to argue: “What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, has found? He does believe, is filled with joy, and goes to his execution at peace with God. What is the best of human righteousness when you compare it to God’s absolute righteousness? But to the one who does not work, but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is credited as righteousness” (4:4-5). As I explained, I understand Romans 7:14-25 to refer primarily to immature believers who have not learned of their new identity in Christ. These works included his obedience when God called him to leave his homeland to go to a land that God would show him (Gen. 12:10). after the Spirit. Romans 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, as set of 17 volumes on the New Testament, the result of Barclay's dedicated work And we boast in the hope of the glory of God. Rather, he had no grounds for boasting at all. If Abraham had room for boasting, he also had occasion for apology. “(Abraham) who is the father of us all” (v. 16b). In verse 10, Paul states, "We shall be saved by His life." To be justified by God’s grace, you must stop working! For him to say that Abraham is “the father of us all” is quite radical. This video is about 11-15-20. Others argue that it should modify “forefather” (NASB & ESV). But when you bring God into the picture, Abraham’s boast vanishes.” It’s as if one bug was bragging to another bug, “I’m taller than you are!” just before a human comes along and squashes both of them. So when Abraham believed in the Lord, he believed the specific promise that a Savior for all nations would come forth from his descendants. Paul not only cites it here, but also in Galatians 3:6, where he argues against the Judaizers, who said that we must add our works to faith in order to be saved. A faithful Catholic nun spends her life working in a slum in a poor country, feeding the poor, ministering to the sick and dying, and caring for the orphans. I have denied myself for decades. Verses 9-16 develop the theme of 3:29-30, that righteousness by faith applies equally to Jews and Gentiles. Come with your despair. He also refers to Genesis 17:5, where God promised that Abraham would be the father of many nations (4:17), and concludes that descent from Abraham includes all “of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all” (4:16). It brings to light not our worthiness, but our unworthiness. ), which the WEB has updated. Thus it is not by accident that it always has been under fire. We cannot politely agree to disagree on the core of the gospel! That transaction takes place the instant that we believe in Jesus (2 Cor. Especially noteworthy was his obedience of the command to sacrifice Isaac, his only son (Genesis 22:1-14). 2 If his good deeds had made him acceptable to God, he would have had something to boast about. If it were, verse 5 would be saying the opposite of what Paul is arguing! The employer has enjoyed the benefit of the employee’s service, and is under obligation to compensate the employee. For a Jew, a quote from the writings of Moses had great theological weight, especially relating to Abraham, who was seen as the father of the Jewish nation. Faith means taking God at His word when He promises to justify the one who has faith in Jesus (3:26). The word “grace” makes it clear that it is not. Abraham Justified by Faith. 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