This has the effect of keeping the optical elements parallel to each other. The tension-compression truss stiffness of the 2 vertical triangles: The bending stiffness of the 8 tubes anchored at the mirror box and the upper cage. "Flexure of a Serrurier Truss", This page was last edited on 20 August 2020, at 19:49. The truss tubes connect the mirror box to the upper cage. The trusses are designed to have an equal amount of flexure, which allows the optics to stay on a common optical axis. The design was created in 1935 by engineer Mark U. Serrurier when he was working on the Mount Palomar 200 in (5.1 m) Hale telescope. The design of the telescope calls for a truss frame with 8 tubes. The carbon-fibre tubes are stiff, light and especially thermally stable - another reason why there is no focus drift. A Serrurier truss is used in telescope tube assembly construction. [citation needed]. Other examples of Serrurier truss designs: Serrurier truss used on the Mayall Telescope. Our standard design also includes a Kevlar lower-edge sling support. When flexing, the "top" truss resists tension and the "bottom" truss resists compression. Most professional telescopes use a truss-tube design and this telescope enjoys exactly the same advantages. Certain designs used by amateur telescope makers, specifically truss tube Dobsonians that use a single truss, are sometimes called "Serrurier truss" designs. Some Serrurier truss designs end the truss members with a short flexible rod creating a more ideal "parallel motion flexure" system, to allow maximum parallelism of optical elements under gravitational load. Since truss members work primarily in tension and compression, there is no appreciable loss of stiffness due to the bending of the end flexures. Natural ventilation is better with a truss-tube design and prevents the system from developing its own microclimate. Four tubes are about 3700 mm (12 ft) long and connect to the mirror box at the level of the primary mirror. The net result is all of the optical elements stay in collimation regardless of the orientation of the telescope. [1] The design solves the problem of truss flexing by supporting the primary objective mirror and the secondary mirror by two sets of opposing trusses before and after the declination pivot. These single truss designs are used for their rigidity and do perform the function of keeping the optical elements parallel, but since they lack the opposing truss that keeps optics on the same optical axis they are not technically "Serrurier trusses". A Serrurier truss is used in telescope tube assembly construction. Animation of a Serrurier truss under load, Animation of a Serrurier truss under load, slanted view, Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Physics, "Reflecting Telescopes", Paul Murdin and Patrick Moore, astro.caltech.edu - Reflecting Telescopes, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Serrurier_truss&oldid=974046939, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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